MONTALCINO, THE TOWN THE "BRUNELLO DI MONTALCINO" WINE
(90Km 1h 30min) The hill upon which Montalcino sits has been settled since Etruscan times and it's near Abbey of Sant'Antimo. Above all is famous for the "Brunello di Montalcino" (awarded red wine) Montalcino is an Italian town, located at 564 m above sea level the province of Siena in Tuscany . It is famous for the production of Brunello wine. It ranks in the area north - west of Mount Amiata , at the end of the Val d' Orcia , on the administrative border with the province of Grosseto . The country profile is typical of a medieval village and thanks to its location can admire a beautiful landscape , in this regard during the Middle Ages was built a fortress from which the population could intercept and defend itself from enemies and today thanks to operations restoration can be visited . The hill on which it stands Montalcino was probably already inhabited in Etruscan times. Montalcino is mentioned for the first time in a document dated 29 December 814, when Emperor Louis the Pious granted the territory upstream sub Lucini abbot of the nearby Abbey of St. On the origin of the name of Montalcino there are at least two hypotheses. Some believe comes from Mons Lucinus mentioned in the document 814, named in honor of the goddess Lucina or reference to the Latin word Lucus, meaning "sacred forest", or more generally "small forest". Others derive the name from Mons Ilcinus, from the Latin mons (mountain) and ilex (holm oak), meaning "mountain of oaks", plant widespread in the area also represented in the city coat of arms. With the passing of the centuries the name, however, it would then be transformed, by Bishop Lucinus or Ilcinus Mons, Mons Elcinus and subsequently in the current Montalcino. The first settlement is believed to date back to the tenth century. In this period the population had a significant population increase when they moved to town residents of Roselle. The original settlement would extend over the centuries until, in the fourteenth century, the current size.